Transformational leaders inspire and support their people.
Everyone respects Molly. Her team members are fiercely loyal, and they're highly successful – as individuals, and as a team.
By contrast, other leaders in the organization report that their people seem disengaged. They experience high staff turnover, and their results are often disappointing.
So, what does Molly do that other leaders don't?
To begin with, she regularly reminds her team members of the purpose of their work. And she knows that she's a role model for her team, so she demonstrates integrity in all of her working relationships.
Molly is a transformational leader. She sets high expectations, but "walks the walk" to demonstrate the standards that she expects. In this article, we'll explore what transformational leadership is, and we'll outline how you can become a transformational leader.
Leadership expert James McGregor Burns introduced the concept of transformational leadership in his 1978 book, "Leadership." He defined transformational leadership as a process where "leaders and their followers raise one another to higher levels of morality and motivation."
Bernard M. Bass later developed the concept of transformational leadership further. According his 1985 book, "Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations," this kind of leader:
More than 25 years after Bass' book, transformational leadership is often argued to be the most important ideas in business leadership.
See our article on leadership styles to explore other ways to lead, and to select the one that's right for your situation.
In our How to Lead workbook, we distill Bass' ideas into a process that you can use to become a transformational leader.
To do this, you need to:
As you can see, our process doesn't map directly onto Bass' list. However, it does translate the traits that he set out into clear and actionable steps.
Use these steps, along with the tools we outline below, to develop your transformational leadership skills.
People need a compelling reason to follow your lead, and this is why you need to create and communicate an inspiring vision of the future.
Your vision sets out your team or organization's purpose – why you all get up in the morning to do what you do. You develop this partly by understanding the values of the people you lead, partly by understanding the capabilities and resources of your organization, and partly by conducting an intelligent analysis of your environment, and selecting the best way forward within it.
This is the subject of business unit strategy, and developing a coherent strategy takes a lot of hard work and careful thought.
If you're developing a vision for your organization, use Mullins' Seven Domains Model to analyze your environment. Then, use tools such as Lafley and Martin's Five-Step Strategy Model to develop your strategy. This is usually then expressed in a business plan , and summarized in a mission statement .
If you're developing a vision for your team, start with the company's mission and vision, and explore the ways in which your team can contribute directly to it.
Use business storytelling as part of your call to action: this will help people appreciate the positive impact of your vision on the people you're trying to help. (Hint: if the only person you're trying to help is yourself, you won't inspire anyone.)
Then, talk about your vision often. Link it to people's goals and tasks to give it context, and help people see how they can contribute to it.
Transformational leaders also know that nothing significant happens unless they encourage their people. So, make sure that you know about the different kinds of motivation , and use these to inspire your people to deliver their best.
A vision is no use on its own: it needs to become reality. However, many leaders make the mistake of developing a vision, but of not putting in the hard and often mundane work of delivering it.
To manage the delivery of your vision, you'll need to combine effective project management with sensitive change management. This will help you deliver the changes you need with the full support of your people.
Communicate each person's roles and responsibilities clearly, and connect these to your plans. Everyone should fully understand what they're responsible for, and know how you will measure their success.
Next, set clear, SMART goals for everyone, including some short-term goals that will help people achieve quick wins and stay motivated. Use management by objectives to link short-term achievement to your longer-term goals.
You may need to build your self-discipline and stamina, so that you don't let yourself down. And, set a good example to your people – especially if they're affected by delays or difficulties – by being a model of hard work and persistence.
Also, stay visible by practicing management by walking around . This is an ideal technique for transformational leaders, because it helps you stay connected with daily activities, and allows you to answer questions as they arise.
Clear communication is essential to transformational leadership.
Take time to make sure that your communications are heard and understood, and give clear, regular feedback , so that your people know what you want.
As a transformational leader, you need to focus your attention on your people, and work hard to help them achieve their goals and dreams.
Use Dunham and Pierce's Leadership Process Model as your starting point. This tool outlines how important your people are to your success as a leader.
It also underlines the fact that leadership is a long-term process, and that, as a leader, you need to work constantly to build relationships, earn trust, and help your people grow as individuals.
Meet your people individually to understand their developmental needs , and help them to meet their career goals. What do they want to achieve in their role? Where do they see themselves five years from now? How can you help them reach this goal?
You can build trust with your people by being open and honest in your interactions. Use the Johari Window to disclose safe personal information about yourself, and to get a better understanding of "what makes your people tick."
Lastly, set aside time to coach your people. When you help them find their own solutions, you not only create a skilled team, but you also strengthen their self-confidence and their trust in you.
Transformational leaders inspire great loyalty and trust in their followers. They have high expectations, and they inspire their people to reach their goals.
You can become a transformational leader by following these steps:
Keep in mind that, to succeed as a transformational leader, you'll need to work on your own skills, and set aside time and space for personal development.
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