Personal SWOT Analysis 

Making the Most of Your Talents and Opportunities

Learn how to conduct a
personal SWOT Analysis.

Chance favors the prepared mind. – Louis Pasteur

You are most likely to succeed in life if you use your talents to their fullest extent. Similarly, you'll suffer fewer problems if you know what your weaknesses are, and if you manage these weaknesses so that they don't matter in the work you do.

So how you go about identifying these strengths and weaknesses, and analyzing the opportunities and threats that flow from them? SWOT Analysis is a useful technique that helps you do this.

What makes SWOT especially powerful is that, with a little thought, it can help you uncover opportunities that you would not otherwise have spotted. And by understanding your weaknesses, you can manage and eliminate threats that might otherwise hurt your ability to move forward.

If you look at yourself using the SWOT framework, you can start to separate yourself from your peers, and further develop the specialized talents and abilities you need to advance your career.

How to Use the Tool

To perform a personal SWOT analysis, first print out our free worksheet, and write down answers to the following questions.

Strengths

  • What advantages do you have that others don't have (for example, skills, certifications, education, or connections)?
  • What do you do better than anyone else?
  • What personal resources can you access?
  • What do other people (and your boss, in particular) see as your strengths?
  • Which of your achievements are you most proud of?
  • What values do you believe in that others fail to exhibit?
  • Are you part of a network that no one else is involved in? If so, what connections do you have with influential people?

Consider this from your own perspective, and from the point of view of the people around you. And don't be modest or shy – be as objective as you can.

And if you have any difficulty with this, write down a list of your personal characteristics. Some of these will hopefully be strengths! You can also learn more about identifying your strengths in our article on Your Reflected Best Self™  .

Tip:

Think about your strengths in relation to the people around you. For example, if you're a great mathematician and the people around you are also great at math, then this is not likely to be a strength in your current role – it may be a necessity.

Weaknesses

  • What tasks do you usually avoid because you don't feel confident doing them?
  • What will the people around you see as your weaknesses?
  • Are you completely confident in your education and skills training? If not, where are you weakest?
  • What are your negative work habits (for example, are you often late, are you disorganized, do you have a short temper, or are you poor at handling stress)?
  • Do you have personality traits that hold you back in your field? For instance, if you have to conduct meetings on a regular basis, a fear of public speaking would be a major weakness.

Again, consider this from a personal/internal perspective and an external perspective. Do other people see weaknesses that you don't see? Do co-workers consistently outperform you in key areas? Be realistic – it's best to face any unpleasant truths as soon as possible.

Opportunities

  • What new technology can help you? Or can you get help from others or from people via the Internet?
  • Is your industry growing? If so, how can you take advantage of the current market?
  • Do you have a network of strategic contacts to help you, or offer good advice?
  • What trends (management or otherwise) do you see in your company, and how can you take advantage of them?
  • Are any of your competitors failing to do something important? If so, can you take advantage of their mistakes?
  • Is there a need in your company or industry that no one is filling?
  • Do your customers or vendors complain about something in your company? If so, could you create an opportunity by offering a solution?

You might find useful opportunities in the following:

  • Networking events, educational classes, or conferences.
  • A colleague going on an extended leave. Could you take on some of this person's projects to gain experience?
  • A new role or project that forces you to learn new skills, like public speaking or international relations.
  • A company expansion or acquisition. Do you have specific skills (like a second language) that could help with the process?

Also, importantly, look at your strengths, and ask yourself whether these open up any opportunities – and look at your weaknesses, and ask yourself whether you could open up opportunities by eliminating those weaknesses.

Threats

  • What obstacles do you currently face at work?
  • Are any of your colleagues competing with you for projects or roles?
  • Is your job (or the demand for the things you do) changing?
  • Does changing technology threaten your position?
  • Could any of your weaknesses lead to threats?

Performing this analysis will often provide key information – it can point out what needs to be done and put problems into perspective.

A Personal SWOT Example

What would a personal SWOT assessment look like? Review this SWOT analysis for Carol, an advertising manager.

Strengths

  • I'm very creative. I often impress clients with a new perspective on their brands.
  • I communicate well with my clients and team.
  • I have the ability to ask key questions to find just the right marketing angle.
  • I'm completely committed to the success of a client's brand.

Weaknesses

  • I have a strong, compulsive need to do things quickly and remove them from my "to do" list, and sometimes the quality of my work suffers as a result.
  • This same need to get things done also causes me stress when I have too many tasks.
  • I get nervous when presenting ideas to clients, and this fear of public speaking often takes the passion out of my presentations.

Opportunities

  • One of our major competitors has developed a reputation for treating their smaller clients poorly.
  • I'm attending a major marketing conference next month. This will allow for strategic networking, and also offer some great training seminars.
  • Our art director will go on maternity leave soon. Covering her duties while she's away would be a great career development opportunity for me.

Threats

  • Simon, one of my colleagues, is a much stronger speaker than I am, and he's competing with me for the art director position.
  • Due to recent staff shortages, I'm often overworked, and this negatively impacts my creativity.
  • The current economic climate has resulted in slow growth for the marketing industry. Many firms have laid off staff members, and our company is considering further cutbacks.

As a result of performing this analysis, Carol takes the bold step of approaching her colleague Simon about the art director's maternity leave. Carol proposes that both she and Simon cover the job's duties, working together and each using his or her strengths. To her surprise, Simon likes the idea. He knows he presents very well, but he admits that he's usually impressed by Carol's creative ideas, which he feels are far better than most of his.

By working as a team, they have a chance to make their smaller clients feel even better about the service they're getting. This takes advantage of their competitor's weakness in this area.

Key Points

A SWOT matrix is a framework for analyzing your strengths and weaknesses as well as the opportunities and threats that you face. This helps you focus on your strengths, minimize your weaknesses, and take the greatest possible advantage of opportunities available to you.

If you're using SWOT Analysis to think about your own life and career, then click here to look at our Life Plan Workbook. This helps you think through the things that are important to you, and set the compelling personal goals that motivate you towards success.

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Comments (10)
  • Yolande wrote Over a month ago
    Hi Vdattatr

    I find your observation interesting. Knowing available opportunities and focusing on them will indeed help us move forward. The interesting thing about threats is that they can often open up our possibility thinking. So instead of being problem focused you become more solution focused which also leads to growth.

    It would be interesting to know some of the opportunities and threats you've identified (only if you feel comfortable to share).

    Kind regards
    Yolandé
  • Vdattatr wrote Over a month ago
    What I liked most is OT , in my personal experience those two really adding values
  • Midgie wrote Over a month ago
    Hi Vdattatr,
    Glad you liked the article.

    I agree with you that the way to keep the versatility and flexibility is through repeated exposure to different situations / scenarios and trying out different things. Over time, we may try one thing or another and pick up little bits of ideas and ways of doing things. So, when faced with yet another new situations, we have lots of ideas and resources to draw upon.

    Have you recently done a personal SWOT analysis and in what context did you do it in? How did it help?

    Midgie
  • Vdattatr wrote Over a month ago
    Nice article and examples. With the variety of perception mechanism it's very difficult to react with more appropriate action and also it becomes evident and pattern when someone follows the same decision making tactics.

    How to keep up with versatility ? Eventually with extensive scenario exposures and rehearsals and also dealing differently to recurring situations.
  • Dianna wrote Over a month ago
    Glad it helped!

    Let us know if you'd like to do some more brainstorming or have other questions.

    Cheers!
    Dianna
  • jbat wrote Over a month ago
    Yes Dianna, it does. Thanks a lot for your reply.
    Regards

    Jb
  • Dianna wrote Over a month ago
    Hi Jb,
    Some of the things I can think of that could threaten a team include:
    -downsizing in organization
    -organizational redesign
    -team member leaving (retirement, resignation, sickness, etc...)
    -workload increases

    It can be anything that you believe could happen in the environment external to the team that would have a negative impact on the team.

    Does this list help your brainstorming?

    Dianna
  • jbat wrote Over a month ago
    I wonder whether swot analysys could be also use from department or team members to understand strenght and weakness of their team. What could be in this case examples of threats?
    Thanks

    Jb
  • Helena wrote Over a month ago
    Hi everyone

    We've just updated this article at a member's suggestion, to include an example of a personal SWOT analysis.

    Do let us know if this helps you when you're doing your own analysis by replying to this thread!

    Best wishes

    Helena
  • Rachel wrote Over a month ago
    The personal SWOT analysis tool is a great prelude to goal-setting.
    I thoroughly recommend it this planning season - and don't forget to download your Life Plan Workbook whilst it's available to members as a seasonal bonus: http://www.mindtools.com/forums/viewtopic.php?t=2577

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