Action Plans

Small Scale Planning

Action Plans are as easy as 123

Simple projects can be completed with simple plans.

© iStockphoto/AndrewJohnson

Whether it's sending out an email newsletter, putting together a presentation for senior managers, or working on a special request for a client, many of us have to complete simple projects as part of our day-to-day responsibilities.

These small- to medium-sized projects may, at first glance, not seem to need much thought. But, occasionally, we can overlook a key step or "to do" item that can derail all our efforts.

For instance, how do you make sure that you've covered everything? Are there any actions that need to be taken early on in the project for it to succeed? And are you clear about when you need to do key tasks, in what sequence, to meet your deadline?

Action Plans are simple lists of all of the tasks that you need to finish to meet an objective. They differ from To-Do Lists   in that they focus on the achievement of a single goal.

Action Plans are useful, because they give you a framework for thinking about how you'll complete a project efficiently. They help you finish activities in a sensible order, and they help you ensure that you don't miss any key steps. Also, because you can see each task laid out, you can quickly decide which tasks you'll delegate or outsource, and which tasks you may be able to ignore.

Using Action Plans

Use an Action Plan whenever you need to plan a small project.

To draw one up, simply list the tasks that you need to carry out to achieve your objective, in the order that you need to complete them. (This is very simple, but it is still very useful!)

Use the three-step process below to help you:

Step 1: Identify Tasks

Start by brainstorming   all of the tasks that you need to complete to accomplish your objective.

It's helpful to start this process at the very beginning. What's the very first action you'll need to take? Once that task is complete, what comes next? Are there any steps that should be prioritized   to meet specific deadlines, or because of limits on other people's availability?

Step 2: Analyze and Delegate Tasks

Now that you can see the entire project from beginning to end, look at each task in greater detail.

Are there any steps that you could drop, but still meet your objective? Which tasks could you delegate   to someone else on your team, or could be dealt with by a freelancer? Are there any deadlines for specific steps? Do you need to arrange additional resources?

Step 3: Double-Check With SCHEMES

Use the SCHEMES* mnemonic to check that your plan is comprehensive.

SCHEMES stands for :

  • Space.
  • Cash.
  • Helpers/People.
  • Equipment.
  • Materials.
  • Expertise.
  • Systems.

You may not need to think about all of these to complete your project. For instance, for a small internal project to streamline the format of your team's reports, you might only need to think about "Helpers/People," "Expertise," and "Systems."


Once you've completed your plan, keep it by you as you carry out the work, and update it with additional activities if required.

Learning from Your Action Plan

If you think you'll be trying to achieve a similar goal again, revise your plan after the work is complete, by making a note of anything that you could have done better.

For instance, perhaps you could have avoided a last-minute panic if you'd alerted a supplier in advance about the size of order you'd be placing. Or maybe you didn't allow enough time to do certain tasks.


If you'll be doing similar work again, consider turning your plan into an Aide Memoire  . This is a checklist that you progressively refine and improve to make sure that you remember to do everything important for success.

Managing Bigger Projects

Action Plans are useful for small projects, where deadlines are not particularly important or strenuous, and where you don't need to co-ordinate other people.

As your projects grow, however, you'll need to develop more formal project management skills, particularly if you're responsible for scheduling other people's time, or need to complete projects to tight deadlines.


Visit the Mind Tools Project Management section to develop your project management skills. In particular, see our article on Gantt Charts  , and take our How Good are Your Project Management Skills   test.

Our Bite-Sized Training session on Planning Small Projects also teaches some useful project planning techniques.

You can also use Action Plans in conjunction with your To-Do Lists  , or Action Programs  .

Action Programs are "heavy duty" versions of To-Do Lists, which help you manage many simultaneous small projects. This is something that managers at all levels need to do routinely.

Key Points

An Action Plan is a list of tasks that you need to do to complete a simple project or objective.

To draw one up, simply list the tasks that you need to complete to deliver your project or objective, in the order that you need to complete them.

To do this, first brainstorm every step you'll need to take to follow your task to completion. Then, analyze tasks to see if there are any that can be pruned, or delegated. Lastly, use the SCHEMES mnemonic to double check that you've considered all critical areas.

If you need to schedule people's time, or meet tight deadlines as part of your project, consider using the other project management techniques mentioned.

* Originator unknown. Please contact if you know who the originator is.

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Comments (9)
  • Yolande wrote Over a month ago
    dodojojo, I understand your need for assistance, but this platform is probably not going to give you what you need. If you need help with a warehouse plan I suggest you draw up a plan and then submit it to a coach or mentor to help you with the finer details. I sincerely hope you find the right person to help you!

    Mind Tools Team
  • dodojojo wrote Over a month ago
    i am anew warehouse manager in health care company and they need from me a whole warehouse promotion plan and i need your help to make the best warehouse plan for my new role can you please help me in this top urgent need
  • avaluasmith wrote Over a month ago
    I need to create a schematic or flow chart to illustrate how to incorporate teams into daily health care communication for educating the staff and informing the public of our new state-of-art magnetic resonance imaging machine (MRI) that is not available anywhere else in the vicinity.
  • Yolande wrote Over a month ago
    Thanks for bringing this to our attention MTDan. I will let our tech team know right now.
  • MTDan wrote Over a month ago
    For whatever it worth I've tried to assess these and they never seem to work. This one says page is not on the server.
  • Dianna wrote Over a month ago
    Hi beyond_the_box,

    We have developed templates for many of our tools. You can find them here:

    I've forwarded your feedback onto our editorial team and they are actively working on new content all the time.

    It's great to hear from you. I hope you are making good use of the resources here.

  • beyond_the_box wrote Over a month ago
    It would be helpful to have templates associated with these articles.
  • James wrote Over a month ago
    Hi Everyone

    We’ve given this popular article a review, and the updated version is now at: ... HTE_04.php

    Discuss the article by replying to this post!


  • Dianna wrote Over a month ago
    Action plans are life savers. Without one a goal can easily get away from me because I get lost in the details and then can't seem to make sense of what I need to do. When I organize myself with a plan then I have a step by step process to follow that I know will lead me to the end result I desire. I find it so helpful for those projects that are too big to keep all the details in your head yet aren't big enough to warrant a full project management plan.


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